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GATE 2023 Instrumentation Syllabus
2.2 Engineering Mathematics
Similar to the General Aptitude section, this section is common for all 29 GATE papers. Both General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics can be high-scoring sections if you prepare effectively and understand the concepts.
The topics covered in the Engineering Mathematics section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Engineering Mathematics (Mandatory Section) | Linear Algebra | Matrix Algebra |
Systems of Linear Equations | ||
Eigen Values & Eigen Vectors | ||
Calculus | Mean Value Theorems | |
Theorems of Integral Calculus | ||
Partial Derivatives | ||
Maxima and Minima | ||
Multiple Integrals | ||
Fourier Series | ||
Vector Identities | ||
Line, Surface, and Volume Integrals | ||
Stokes, Gauss, and Green's Theorems | ||
Differential Equations | First-Order (Linear and Non-Linear) Equations | |
Second-Order Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients | ||
Method of Variation of Parameters | ||
Cauchy's and Euler's Equation | ||
Initial and Boundary Value Problems | ||
Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Variable Separable Method | ||
Analysis of Complex Variables | Analytic Functions | |
Cauchy's Integral Theorem and Integral Formula | ||
Taylor's and Laurent's Series | ||
Residue Theorems | ||
Solution of Integrals | ||
Probability & Statistics | Sampling Theorems | |
Conditional Probability | ||
Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, and Variance | ||
Random Variables: Discrete and Continuous Distributions: Normal, Poisson, and Binomial Distributions | ||
Numerical Methods | Matrix Inversion | |
Solutions of Non-Linear Algebraic Equations | ||
Iterative Methods for Solving Differential Equations | ||
Numerical Integration | ||
Regression and Correlation Analysis |
2.3. Electricity and Magnetism
Electricity and Magnetism is a branch of Physics; Electricity and Magnetism are products of a single underlying Electromagnetic Force. The topics covered in the Electricity and Magnetism section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Electricity and Magnetism | Electricity and Magnetism | Coulomb's Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law, Divergence, Electric Field and Potential Due to Pont, Line, Plane, and Spherical Charge Distributions, Effect of Dielectric Medium, Capacitance of Simple Configurations, Biot-Savart's Law, Ampere's Law, Curl, Faraday's Law, Lorentz Force, Inductance, Magnetomotive Force, Reluctance, Magnetic Circuits, Self and Mutual Inductance of Simple Configurations |
2.4. Electrical Circuits and Machines
An Electrical Circuit is the path in which electrons from a voltage or current source flow. The topics included in the Electrical Circuits and Machines section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Electrical Circuits and Machines | Voltage and Current Sources | Independent, Dependent, Ideal and Practical |
V-I Relationships of Resistor, Inductor, Mutual Inductance and Capacitor | ||
Transient Analysis of RLC Circuits with DC Excitation | ||
Electrical Circuits and Machines | Kirchhoff's Law, Mesh and Nodal Analysis, Superposition, Thevenin, Norton, Maximum Power Transfer and Reciprocity Theorems | |
Peak -, Average - and RMS Values of AC Quantities | ||
Apparent-, Active- and Reactive Powers | ||
Phasor Analysis, Impedance and Admittance | ||
Series and Parallel Resources, Locus Diagrams, Realization of Basic Filters with R, L, and C Elements | ||
Transient Analysis of RLC Circuits with AC Excitation | ||
One-Port and Two-Port networks, Driving Point Impedance and Admittance, Open and Short Circuit Parameters | ||
Single Phase Transformer | Equivalent Circuit, Phasor Diagram, Open Circuit and Short Circuit Tests, Regulation and Efficiency | |
Three Phase Induction Motors: Principle of Operation, Types, Performance, Torque-Speed Characteristics, No-Load and Blocked Rotor Tests, Equivalent Circuit, Starting and Speed Control | ||
Types of Losses and Efficiency Calculations of Electric Machines |
2.5. Signals and Systems
A Signal is a single-valued function of time that conveys information. A System is any process that produces an output signal in response to an input signal. The concepts included in the Signals and Systems section of the GATE IN syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Signals and Systems | Signals and Systems | Periodic, Aperiodic, and Impulse Signals |
Laplace, Fourier, and Z-Transforms | ||
Transfer Function, Frequency Response of First- and Second-Order Linear Time-Invariant Systems, Impulse Response of Systems | ||
Convolution, Correlation | ||
Discrete-Time System: Impulse Response, Frequency Response, Pulse Transfer Function | ||
DFT and FFT | ||
Basics of IIR and FIR Filters |
2.6. Control Systems
A Control System manages, commands, directs, or regulates the behavior of other devices or systems using control loops. The topics covered in the Control Systems section of the GATE IN syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Control Systems | Control Systems | Feedback Principles, Signal Flow Graphs, Transient Response, Steady-State Errors, Bode Plot, Phase and Gain Margins, Routh and Nyquist Criteria, Root Loci, Design of Lead, Lag and Lead-Lag Compensators, Steady-Space Representation of Systems |
Time-Delay Systems | ||
Mechanical, Hydraulic, and Pneumatic System Components, Synchro Pair, Servo and Stepper Motors, Servo Valves | ||
On-Off, P, PI, PID, Cascade, Feedforward, and Ratio Controllers | ||
Tuning of PID Controllers and Sizing of Control Valves |
2.7. Analog Electronics
Analog Electronics are electronic systems that use continuously variable signal. Concepts covered in the Analog Electronics section of the GATE IN syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Analog Electronics | Analog Electronics | Characteristics and Applications of Diode, Zener Diode, BJT, and MOSFET |
Small Signal Analysis of Transistor Circuits, Feedback Amplifiers | ||
Characteristics of Ideal and Practical Operational Amplifiers | ||
Applications of Op-Amps: Adder, Subtractor, Integrator, Differentiator, Difference Amplifier, Instrumentation Amplifier, Precision Rectifier, Active Filters, Oscillators, Signal Generators, Voltage Controlled Oscillators, and Phase-Locked Loop, Sources and Effects of Noise and Interference in Electronic Circuits |
2.8. Digital Electronics
Digital Electronics is a field of Electronics involving the study of digital signals and the engineering of devices that use or produce digital signals. The topics included in the Digital Electronics section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Digital Electronics | Digital Electronics | Combinational Logic Circuits, Minimization of Boolean Functions |
IC Families: TTL and CMOS | ||
Arithmetic Circuits, Comparators, Schmitt Trigger, Multi-Vibrators, Sequential Circuits, Flipflops, Shift Registers, Timers, and Counters | ||
Sample-and-Hold Circuit, Multiplexer, Analog-to-Digital (Successive Approximation, Integration, Flash and Sigma-Delta) and Digital-to-Analog Converters (Weighted R, R-2R Ladder and Current Steering Logic) | ||
Characteristics of ADC and DAC (Resolution, Quantization, Significant Bits, Conversion/Setting Time) | ||
Basics of Number Systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and Microcontroller Applications, Memory and Input-Output Interfacing | ||
Basics of Data Acquisition Systems, Basics of Distributed Control Systems (DCS), and Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) |
2.9. Measurements
Measurement is the process of determining the amount, degree, and capacity by comparison (direct or indirect) with the accepted standards of units. The topics covered in the Measurements section of the GATE IN syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Measurements | Measurements | SI Units, Standards (R, L, C, Voltage, Current, and Frequency) |
Systematic and Random Errors in Measurement | ||
Expression of Uncertainty - Accuracy and Precision, Propagation of Errors, Linear and Weighted Regression | ||
Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering and Wien for Measurement of R, L, C and frequency, Q-Meter | ||
Measurement of Voltage, Current and Power in Single and Three Phase Circuits | ||
AC and DC Current Probes | ||
True RMS Meters, Voltage and Current Scaling, Instrumentation Transformers, Time/Counter, Time, Phase and Frequency Measurements, Digital Voltmeter, Digital Multimeter | ||
Oscilloscope, Shielding and Grounding |
2.10. Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation
Sensors and Instrumentation devices are used in industrial applications for condition monitoring, flow monitoring, stability monitoring, pressure and temperature data collection for process control. The topics covered in the Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation section of the GATE IN syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation | Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation | Resistive, Capacitive, Inductive, Piezoelectric, Hall Effect Sensors and Associated Signal Conditioning Circuits |
Transducers for Industrial Instrumentation: Displacement (Linear and Angular), Velocity, Acceleration, Force, Torque, Vibration, Shock, Pressure (including Low Pressure) | ||
Flow (Variable Head, Variable Area, Electromagnetic, Ultrasonic, Turbine and Open Channel Flow Meters) | ||
Temperature (Thermocouple, Bolometer, RTD (Â¾ wire), Thermistor, Pyrometer and Semiconductor) | ||
Liquid Level, pH, Conductivity and Viscosity Measurement | ||
4-20 mA Two-Wire Transmitter |
2.11. Communication and Optical Instrumentation
Optical instrumentation is the science of developing, manufacturing, and utilizing tools for optical purposes. The topics covered in the Communication and Optical Instrumentation section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus are:
Subjects | Topics | Sub-Topics |
---|---|---|
Communication and Optical Instrumentation | Communication and Optical Instrumentation | Amplitude-and Frequency Modulation and Demodulation |
Shannon's Sampling Theorem, Pulse Code Modulation | ||
Frequency and Time Division Multiplexing, Amplitude-, Phase-, Frequency-, Quadrature Amplitude, Pulse Shift Keying for Digital Modulation | ||
Optical Sources and Detectors: LED, Laser, Photo-Diode, Light Dependent Resistor, Square Law Detectors and their Characteristics | ||
Interferometer: Applications in Metrology | ||
Basics of Fiber Optic Sensing | ||
UV-VIS Spectro Photometers, Mass Spectrometer |
GATE Question Papers 2023 Now that you have checked the GATE Exam Syllabus, enhance your preparation by practicing using GATE Exam question papers. Candidates can now download the unofficial GATE 2023 question paper for Instrumentation from this page once the official GATE website has released them. Keep following our page to check GATE 2023 CE, CS, EE, ME, and EC questions papers. |